Equivalence according to J.P.V and J.D 2nd Y lesson 7 S1 20/21 Sonia Ramdane
(Equ acc to Vinay and Darbelnet)

      The notion of "Equivalence" is one of the problematic areas in the field of translation theory. This term has been analyzed, evaluated and discussed from different perspectives. One of them is that of Jean Paul Vinay and Jean Darbelnet ; the best known majors of the literal tendency of translation and the founders of the comparative stylistic of French and English.